Citroën 2cv Berline History

© Copyright: J.Cats.


1948
October: Release on the Paris Autosalon. This car, designed by Pierre Boulanger is the most extraordinary design of the show. The Citroën stand has never been this crowded. It looks revolutionary and it's mechanics are as well. It is designed to take a basket full of eggs over a ploughed field without breaking an egg. It is light, very economical and cheap. A car for the masses.

1949
Real start of production. Characteristics:
Engine: 375cc 6.2:1 compression, 8 wing fan, 9hp, 8x31 crownwheel pignon, 65 km/h top speed.
Exterior: Body and wheels gray metallic, no door locks, chevrons placed in an oval surround on the grille, welding seem on the side of the bonnet, bonnet opening by pull button, one rear light that doubles as license plate lighting, cloth roof reaching down to the bumper, ovale rear screen, dipstick for fuel level, 125x400 wheels.
Interior: black steeringwheel, windscreen wipers driven by speedo cable, speedo near the left bottom corner of the windscreen, gray cloth interior.
October: Engine; oilpump oil feed is modified.

1950
March: Headlights; the headlight lens is now glass instead of plastic.
April: Engine; seperate front supports.
Electric; the Duccelier starter is modified.
November: Airfilter; gets a hot air feed from the manifold.
Suspension; Rear suspension arms now have 4 "nervures" instead of just one.
December: Locks; a doorlock on the drivers door and an ignition key appear, both operated by the same key.

1951
February: Gearbox; now has a pressed steel clutch fork.
March: Engine; gets different studs for bolting to the gearbox.
October: Suspension; No rubber protector on the bottom of the rear batteur any more.
November: Bonnet; The edge of the grill now has visible screws.

1952
February: Gearbox; gets a 28mm input shaft.
March: Speedo; is replaced by one made by E.D.
April: Accellerator; the accellerator rod gets ball pivots.
May : Gearbox; the clutch pressure plate now has 3 springs instead of 6.
June: Brakes; backplates are steel instead of aluminium, the front brake drums get 4 ridges instead of 3, new handbrake cables.
September: Engine; the cupper seal between the head and the barrel is left out.
Suspension; the front axle tube is now 65.5mm diameter instead of 64.5mm due to an increased diameter steering rack.
November: Electric; dynamo is now fixed with 2 bolts instead of 3, this also means engine mods.

1953
March: Bonnet; the oval around the chevrons on the bonnet dissapears.
May: Bonnet; the welding seems on sides of the bonnet change, top to bottom becomes front to rear.
Bonnet; is now opened with a turning handle instead of the pull handle.
Suspension; arms front and rear get 25.5mm bearings instead of 28.5mm.
June: Engine; now has a 4 blade fan, different airfilter and strengthened crankshaft.
Doors; door edges are turned instead of welded. The opening mechanism on the front sidescreens is modified.
The bonnet gets a central rod support instead of the tubular frame.
July : Steering; the steering tube is modified.
October: Headlights; apart from the Cibie also Marchal Equilux headlights are fitted, identifiable by the steel edge on the lense.

1954
January: Electric; the Paris Rhone dynamo is improved.
March: The PO version is available. This has modified chassis, suspension, airfilter and other things to make it suitable for rough terrain and the overseas territories.
April: Electric; the voltage regulator is moved from the left to the right of the firewall.
Fueltank; the fuel filler pipe is reduced in diameter from 55 to 45mm, so is the hole in the rear wing.
Doors; the doors get a rubber to keep the windows in the upright position.
June: Headlights; the clip on the Cibie headlights is no longer screw on.
July: Electric; the rectangular metal coil is replaced by a round one, completely covered in rubber, headlight support modified for this.
September: New model, the AZ. 425cc engine, 12hp, 6 blade fan, 6.2:1 compression, 80 km/h, centrifugal clutch.
Electric; AZ rear lighting now has 2 rear lights with 1 integrated brake light. Also indicators on the C post doubling as position lights. For this a plate is fitted to the dash with the indicator switch and parking light switch.
Electric; the battery is no longer secured with a U profile but with a V one with two pullrods spring loaded. Gearbox; gets an 8 tooth primary shaft.
Dashboard; the handbrake lever is increased in diameter from 12mm to 13mm.
December: Dashboard; the starter cable is modified.
Suspension; the AZ gets visible springs. For this the chassis is adapted.

1955
January: Electric; Indicators on the C post and the A gets the same lights and electrical equipment as the AZ.
April: Electric; the wiring gets 4mm connectors instead of 2.5mm ones.
Dashboard; the speedo gets a light.
May: Suspension; the AZ gets the normal suspension again.
September: Suspension; the 2 springs on either side of the spring retainer tube are replaced by rubbers doughnuts, 2 on the front and one on the rear..
Electric; the Dynamo is modified.
Headlights; there is an alu edge on the lense/reflector on the Cibie headlights.
October: Engine; AZ compression is raised from 6.2 to 7:1 by using domed pistons. Also new carburettor.
Headlights; apart from Cibie and Marchal also Duccelier Isoroute headlights, identifiable by the lens that is smaller then the housing.
December: Gearbox; the clutch plate and primary shaft now have 10 teeth instead of 8.
Dashboard; gearlever ball is now gray instead of black.
Gearbox; Normal clutch is available on the AZ.
Interior; seat frames are dark gray.

1956
January: Electric; a second horn is fitted.
May: Body; there is a hole on either side of the windscreen to let out water.
April; Doors; seal fitted to the top of the opening front window.
July: Dashboard; apart form the Jaeger and E.D. speedos an O.S. one is now also availbale.
September: Electric; the Paris Rhone starter is modified.
November: AZL (AZ luxe), chrome trim on the bumpers, the bonnet, the sills and the doors, as well as a windscreen demister.
December: Body; the rear window is enlarged.
Body; The wheels, bumpers, steeringwheel, seat frames and gearlever ball are all light gray.
Gearbox; The gearbox on the A is now the same as on the AZU.

1957
January: Electric; the rear lights are changed again.
May: Brakes; all 2cvs get a glass lockheed brake fluid resevoir.
Dashboard; the AZ has the minuterie now centrally instead of on the left. Position light switch on the main pod.
August: Engine; some engines get forged ribs on the cylinders.
September: Body; a metal bootlid is version available is available, called AZLP.
October: Body; the license plate is moved to the middle and gets a new light with white cover.
Bonnet; a rubber is fixed to the bottom of the bonnet.

1958
Suspension; the spring retainers are lighter and have a smaller diameter.
January: Gearbox; the rear mount is changed and will remain like this to the end.
February: Brakes; the front brakedrums lose 2 ridges and are now completely smooth.
March: The 2cv AZ 4/4 sahara, twin engined, four wheel drive is introduced.
May: Body; the polished aluminium strips on the bumpers are replaced by gray rubber ones.
July: Suspension; front batteur modified, now left and right are different.
September: Engine; all engines get forged ribs on the cylinders.
November: Interior; the sun visor is fixed with 2 screws instead of 4.

1959
May: Dashboard; new heating system with a bigger windscreen demister on the right of the dashboard.
Gearbox; some cars fitted with constant velocity driveshafts.
July: Suspension; only one rubber doughnut on the front of the spring tube instead of 2.
Interior: cardboard suncreen replaced by plastic one, new rear view mirror.
September: Suspension; new fully closed 125x380 wheels and tyres. Kingpins are also modified.
Interior; A removable radio is now optional, called Radioën.
October: Body; rubber fitted to body on the leading edge of the roof.

1960
January: Electric; new horn fitted.
June: Electric; New starter.
Doors; new doorlocks with 4 digits on the key instead of 3.
July: Chassis; fitted with reinforcement for the front bench.
September: Interior; top of the seat frame and dashboard edge covered, metal knob with rubber cover for shutter, everything that is not the body colour is light gray.
November: Electric; hard plastic coil replaces rubber covered one.
Body; windsreen rubber is curved instead of hollow.
Engine; the 375cc version is discontinued.
November: Gearbox; constant velocity driveshafts discontinued.
December: Bonnet; new 5 ripple bonnet with detachable grille.
Dashboard; new position light switch with plastic handle instead of steel one.

1961
January: Gearbox; either a centrifugal or normal clutch can be ordered.
March: The 2cv A is discontinued.
April; Engine; oilcooler is modified.
October: Engine; the compression is raised to 7.5:1 giving 13.5 hp. Topspeed is now 85km/h.
Dashboard; speedo runs up to 100km/h instead of 90.

1962
February: Brakes; a new master cylinder is fitted, similar to the Ami 6 one, brake hoses are also changed.
March: Body; a new option is MIXTE, a boot lid that opens complete with rear window, flat rear floor and a back seat that can be folded down. The spare wheel is mounted under the bonnet.
Bonnet; the grille now has countersunk screws 371mm apart instead of 426mm.
April: Engine; the carburetor is upgraded and more heater ducts enclosing the sparkplug.
May: Dashboard; Radioën option is discontinued.
July: Electric; improved dynamo and starter, one horn with double function.
September: Chassis; the AZU chassis is now used on the berline as well with AZU spring retainers and 10mm plate between chassis and rear axle.
Dashboard; integrated dashbord with fuel gauge, speedo and total distance counter fitted behind the steering wheel. Dashboard; windscreen wipers are now electric. Heating is modified. Steering tube is larger diameter.
The cloth bootlid is discontinued.
Green cloth for interior.

1963
January: Oilpump and the gearbox is modified with 8x31 crownwheel pignon.
Doors; the steel rear side window holders are replaced by rubbers.
February: Engine; 18hp, identified by 4 manifold bolts on each side instead of 3, 95 km/h topspeed.
Ami 6 wheels, the brake linings are glued instead of rivited, plastic door covers stapled to cardboard, new bigger bumpers.
March: AZAM; front bench (from Ami 6) on rails, rear parcel shelf, interior light, second sun visor with mirror, new steering wheel, indicators operated from handle on the steering tube, plastic handles on the door covers, paperclips on the bumper, hubcaps, front side windows in stainless steel trim, chromed wiper arms, cloth luxe interior, different doorhandles.
Headlights; Chrome trim on the Cibie and Marchal units.
April: Electric; red plastic indicators replacing steel covered ones.

1964
January: Interior; seatbelts are optional. For this the chassis and body have been modified.
February: Dashboard; indicator control on the steering tube.
March: Electric; rear lights with integrated licenseplate light.
Body; licenseplate panel no longer has the 3 squares but is totally smooth.
April: A round plate with the colour number placed on the firewall.
June: Wheels; tubeless tires and modified rims.
July: Brakes; reduced diameter line from 6mm to 4.5mm.
November: New gearbox ratios.
December: Doors; front doors are no longer suicide but open at the rear.

1965
May: Interior; round interior light is replaced by a rectangular one with switch.
June: Steering; the steering rods are secured by nyloc nut and no longer with split pens.
July: Parking light through rear light and no longer through indicator.
September: Body; third side window for some models.
Grille; one piece grille is replaced by 3 horizontal bar grille, chevrons mounted on the bonnet.
Body; new bumpers with black nylon in the center and the same profile on the front overriders.
Suspension; the frotteurs at the rear are replaced by telescopic shockabsorbers. At the front the frotteurs are protected by extra rubber.
Gearbox; AZAM is fitted with constant velocity driveshafts, optional on all other models.

1966
May: Dashboard; steering lock is optional.
Gearbox; fine splines on the primary shaft.
April: Option; heater running on fuel from the fuel tank, it has a inlet on the front wing and runs on 12V electrics.
September: The handbrake now has a plastic handle.
Doors: new securing clips for keeping the front side windows open.
Interior: seperate seats optional.
November: Gearbox; the clutch mechanism is modified for cars without centrifugal clutch.
December: Engine; the valvecovers are now secured with a conical base nut.

1967
April: The AZAM is renamed Export. It now has square indicators on the front wings and the Ami6 blue speedo.
May: Bonnet; the bonnet securing mechanism is simplified to one piece operated underneath the bumper.
July: The Export is discontinued.

1968
September: Brakes; the return springs on the rear brake shoes are replaced by U shaped rods.
October: Electric; twin rear brake lights, orange indicators replacing red ones.
Engine; ignition box is modified.

1969
March: Engine; alloy valve covers are replaced by steel ones.
September: Dashboard; steering lock and windscreen washer.
Headlights; Marchal and Ducellier headlights are discontinued.
October: Gearbox; 8 tooth primary shaft replaced by 20 splines primary shaft.

1970
February: All berlines are replaced by 2 new types;
2CV4 AZ L 4 (435cc 24 DIN bhp)
2CV6 AZ L 6 (602cc 28.5 DIN bhp)
Also new are: 12V electrics, hanging pedals, modified heating, Ami 6 rear lights on a modified rear body panel, front square indicators on the wings, front side windows in stainless steel, new black plastic 2 spoke steeringwheel and big dashboard.
April: Interior; 2 point seatbelts standard.
June: Brakes; the diameter of all brakelines is changed to 3.5mm.
Lights; the front square indicators are replaced by round ones.
Brakes; The rear flexible brakehoses are replaced by spring shaped brakelines in the rear axle.
September: Engine; the 602cc engine gets a 9 blade ventilator.
October: Body; the rounded rubber profile on the bumpers is replaced by a gray one with different shape.
November: Engine; the 602cc engine gets an external oil filter.
Suspension; telescopic shockabsorber replace rear frotteurs and batteurs on the 2cv4.
December: Interior; black plastic rear view mirror.

1971
May: Suspension; telescopic shockabsorber replace rear frotteurs and batteurs on the 2cv6.
September: Interior; the diameter of the brake and clutch pedal pivot is enlarged.
October: Suspension; some cars get special Rzeppa driveshafts.
November: Suspension; Dyane 4 and 6 spring tubes fitted to the 2cv4 and 2cv6.

1972
January: Interior; 3 point seatbelts.
August: Engine; new carburettors for all cars.
September: Interior; new doorlocks for all cars. These have the catches bolted to the door pillar with a 2 stage locking mechanism.
Interior; rear seatbelts optional, for this a bridge is bolted between chassis and body and additional strenghtening plates welded on the inner wings.
Interior; improved sound deadening.
Interior; strengthened hinges.
Engine; external oil filter on the 435cc engines.
Suspension; eyes on spring pull rods are no longer round by hexagonal.
October: Engine; hardened bolt for fixing ventilator.

1973
July: Brakes; bigger master brakecylinder.
Lights; position lights discontinued, along with 3 position switch on dashboard.
Dashboard; ashtray fitted into plastic cover for wiper motor and ventilation deflector.
Dashboard; brown plastics replacing gray-blue.
Dashboard; single spoke steering wheel fitted on 2cv6.
Electric; voltage regulator fitted to the battery.
Body; the seperate letter logo on the boot is replaced by thick alumium plate logo.

1974
March: Engine; hardened toothed belt on the flywheel.
September: Body; square headlights, plastic grille with chrome edge and chevrons inside, bigger rear bumper, black rubber protector replaces gray one.
Interior; plastic door top covers, roof is secured from the inside.
Dashboard; starting button replaced by starting with the ignition key, choke moved from left to right.

1975
January: Engine; the airfilter gets a black plastic cover.
March: Engine; 2cv6 exhaust modified to reduce noise levels.
September: Suspension; front telescopic shockabsorbers replace batteurs and frotteurs.
Body; the rubbers on the bumpers are replaced by black tape.
Steering; new steering ratio and a smaller steering wheel on 2cv6.
The 2cv Special appears. This is a 2cv4 with round headlights, small rear bumper, old type speedo / dashboard, old type roof, no third side windows, no alu door trim strips and plastic door top covers, only in Jaune Cedrat.

1976
March: Engine; new crankshaft seals.
April: Limited edition of 1800 2cv Spot is produced. This is a white and orange 2cv4 with special roof.
August: All plastic interior parts are black again. The speedo backplate remains brown.
September: Brakes; dual feed brake resevoir, brake fluid level sensor, warning light and light test button.
Dashboard; New steering ratio (from 2cv6) for 2cv4 with smaller black plastic 2 branch steering wheel.
October: Body; The type plate on the bootlid is now a plastic sticker.

1977
April; the 2cv Special gets same steering ratio as 2cv4 and 2cv6.
July: The seatbelts now automatically roll up.

1978
April: the rear bench is now secured on both inner wings.
June: Striped cloth seat covers in various colors.
September: the 2cv4 is discontinued.
The 2cv Special gets a third side window, chrome trim on the doors.
Body; the chrome trim on the silll is replaced by black tape.
Dashboard; accelerator is hung like the other pedals on the 2cv6.
Engine; double choke carb, with black plastic air filter.

1979
September: The 2cv Special gets a 602cc engine, hanging accelerator and is now called 2cv6 Special, still has round headlights.
The 2cv6 is now called 2cv6 Club.
Engine; plastic fuel tank with 25 liter capacity replaces 20 liter metal tank.
Dashboard; oil presure light.

1980
February: Brakes; master cylinder with aditional filters.
May: Engine; oil pump parts from 652cc engine fitted.
July: Body; fabrication plate gets CEE 17 digit number.
Engine; reduced emisions carburettor.
Interior; bigger rear view mirror with day and night position and less wide sun visors.
October; Charleston, red and black body, red round headlights (square headlights for the UK edition), black and with seats, 8000 made.

1981
July: Brakes; disc brakes for all cars, LHM brake fluid.
Dashboard; the choke gets a warning light.
Electric; horn is no longer fixed to engine-gearbox bolt but to headlight support.
Charleston is no longer limited edition, chrome round headlights, gray seats.
Centrifugal clutch option discontinued.
2cv Special E is a special low fuel consumption model with centrifugal clutch.
October: James Bond, For Your Eyes Only, special edition, yellow with bullit hole stickers, drum brakes.

1982
July: Body; black type plate with chrome letters.
Charleston also available as yellow and black.

1983
April: France 3 / Transat / Beachcomber special edition. White with blue stripes.
July: 2cv Special E is discontinued.
Mixte option, a set of brackets to make the rear window open together with the bootlid.
Charleston yellow and black is replaced by grey and black.

1984
March: Aventure option (Also called dakar, safari), tubular bumpers, cut out wings with plastic edge covers, light protectors.
July: Charleston gets black body instead of red, chrome trim on raingutters.

1985
March: Dolly special edition, 2cv6 special with two tone body.
July: Interior, the 2cv6 Special gets a interior light.
Body; black front indicator surround replace grey ones.
Body; black rear light supports.
Body; black filler pipe rubber.

1986
October: Interior; 2cv6 Special gets blue jeans like bench covers.
Cocorico special edition, white with blue-red sides below the waist line.

1987
July: 2cv6 Club is discontinued.
Body; Citroën plate on the bootlid loses the chevrons.
September: Lights; fog light below the rear bumper.
Body; 2cv6 Special get the bigger rear bumper.

1990
July 27th the last 2cv is produced. 5.11 milion have been built.


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